Electrophoresis and Microfluidics
Electrophoresis is an analytical method which is applied for the separation and characterization of proteins, nucleic acids and subcellular-sized particles such as viruses and small organelles.
Its principle is that the charged particles of a sample migrate in an applied electrical field.
Electrophoresis of positively charged particles (cations) is called cataphoresis, and on the other hand, electrophoresis of negatively charged particles (anions) is called anaphoresis.
Electrophoresis is a technique used in laboratories to separate macromolecules based on size.